These documents and research reports provide further information on intergroup relations in different contexts.

African American – Immigrant Alliance Building – This 2009 study from the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity highlights the challenges and opportunities that characterize collaborative efforts between immigrant and African American communities in the United States and includes five case studies.

African American–Immigrant Tensions: Myths, Realities And Policy Implications – This 2008 research brief for The Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Race, Ethnicity and Diversity (now The Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy) summarizes the literature on the issues that affect African Americans and immigrants in employment, education, and communities.

All Together Now?: African Americans, Immigrants and the Future of California – This 2011 Center for the Study of Immigrant Integration report details how to build strong African American – immigrant alliances, specifically with California in mind.

Black Perspectives on Race & Immigration: Analysis of African Immigrants in the U.S. and in California – This 2010 document from Priority Africa Network provides information for discussion and analysis related to contemporary definitions of race and immigration as they relate to African immigrants.

Building Black-Brown Coalitions in the Southeast: Four African American-Latino Collaborations – This 2009 report from the Southern Regional Council highlights intergroup efforts in Atkinson County, GA, Greensboro, NC, Miami, FL, and Cobb County, GA.

A Conversation about the Economic Effects of Immigration on African Americans  – This Immigration Policy Center document is a narrative thought piece by Gerald D. Jaynes.

Crossing Borders, Crossing Barriers –  This 2003 report from Western States Center’s Western Institute for Organizing and Leadership Development for Immigrants and Refugees (WILDIR) shares lessons learned from WILDIR participants and recommendations for building a strong immigrant and refugee movement.

Crossing Boundaries, Connecting Communities: Alliance Building for Immigrants Rights and Racial Justice  – This 2010 report from Black Alliance for Just Immigration provides a snapshot of 16 organizations engaged in alliance-building work.

MultiRacial Formations: New Instruments for Social Change – This 2003 Applied Research Center report  looks at the successes and challenges of multiracial coalitions.

Pathways to One America in the 21st Century:  Promising Practices for Racial Reconciliation – Written in 1999 as part of The President’s Initiative on Race, this document highlights programs that illustrate various promising approaches toward racial reconciliation.

The Receiving Communities Toolkit: A Guide for Engaging Mainstream America in Immigrant Integration  – A Project of Spring Institute for Intercultural Learning and Welcoming America, this 2011 toolkit highlights efforts to bridge divides between immigrants and longer-term residents in receiving communities.

Structural Racism and Multiracial Coalition Building  – This 2003 report from the Institute on Race & Poverty (now known as the Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity) examines the literature on multiracial coalitions and details three case studies of successful multi-racial policy reform work.

Training for Racial Equity and Inclusion: A Guide to Selected Programs – This document reviews and compares ten training programs and specifically examines how each program approaches the dynamics of racial and ethnic oppression.

Image: P Shanks,